Survival, Prepping, & Homesteading Experts

How To Begin Prepping

So it’s time. You’re convinced. You know you need to prep…but where do you start?

Beginning prepping is like a train. It can be hard to get started but once it’s rolling it’s hard to quit!

Everyone successful at prepping has started from somewhere, and that somewhere is usually a bug out bag or maybe a backyard victory garden.

For most people taking care of your basic daily human needs (not wants) is the best place to start, but before you can understand what basic you will need you should consider the following.

What Are Your Prepping For?

How long you prep for obviously affects what you stock, and how much of it you stock. So does your reason for prepping.

Those getting ready for a economical collapse would have little use for a Faraday Cage, for example.

Nor would prepping for a long term senerio with only a weeks worth of water do you much good.

All the things you could possibly prep for is so varied that it’s impossible to cover them all in this article.

If you have a particular worry in mind I recommend you read more about what others are doing to prepare for it and add the extra things you may need to a basic starter plan.

Thankfully, determining how long you should prepare is much easier.

How Long Will You Need Your Preps?

There are some general guidelines and as luck would have it other preppers before you have well laid out plans for each time frame. My goal in this article is not get into each one, but to show you that they exist.

Here are the most popular prepping time lines.

72 hours

This is by far the most popular starting point for almost every prepper. Everything you need to survive for 72 hours is covered with a Bug Out Bag so make building one your #1 goal. A bug out bag will let you easily survive for 72 hours, three whole days and nights.

After 72 hours, in the real world some 95% of all emergencies will be handled and life will be back to normal, so in this way you are covered for just about any disaster.

For the other 5% of situations where the crap has really hit the fan, you can reach a better prepared location such as your bug out location (BOL) with your bug out bag on your back or in your vehicle.

OPTIONS: If a full bug out bag is above your budget or just not right for you, then at least build a Basic 24 Bug Out Bag that will keep you alive and comfortable for 24-48 hours. Most start here and expand as needed.

2 weeks

Most large scale natural disasters fall into this category, such as Katrina.

At this point you want to make sure you have enough water and food to last over and above the contents of your BOB.

A good water filter and a way to trap or find or stockpile more food will be needed, but other than that your basic needs will be met with a bug out bag.

You should also add more clothes, blankets, and hygiene supplies if you will not be on the move. A simple knife sharpener will also be a good addition if you do not already have one in your bug out bag.

1 month

Again, this is mostly more water and food over and above a BOB, but you will also need a way to Cook Your Food and Heat Your Home without power. Get foods that can be easily prepared with very little clean up.

You should also stock up on items that will make life more comfortable, such as a razor, more soap, a pillow, etc.

It would take a major SHTF event to put you in a situation where civilization was cut off for a month, so life will not be the same afterwards and recovery may be slow so prepare for that as well.

You can do this by stockpiling money, silver/gold, bartering items, a simple seed bank, and other long term self sufficiency items.

Bear in mind that a one month SHTF situation could easily turn into two, or three, or even six months. Society falls quickly but it will take much longer to get modern day systems running again.

6 months

Now you are into long-term preps. You will want to Build A Stockpile of food as well as Have Enough Water on hand for everyone.

Also consider Becoming More Self-Sufficient in case whatever event you are planning for last longer than expected.

Yes, you can live in a bunker for six months, but you could also live on your own homestead with a stockpile of foods.

Something catastrophic enough to collapse the modern world for six months will have major rippling effects for years or even decades to come.

Life as you know it will be different for months or years after you reconnect to society.

Bartering will be a given, and paper currency will most likely be useless due to inflation or possibly the collapse of the money system.

1 year

At one year you don’t have a lot of choices left. You’re talking about a complete collapse of society, cities, transportation, trains, and most likely the power and water grid, and possibly government as a whole.

Hundreds of millions or even billions of people will be misplaced and desperate for a twinkie and an iphone.

The world will never be the same and the power vacuum created by the total collapse of a nation such as ours will almost certainly break out into a major war the likes of which we have never seen.

You can either stockpile everything you need in a bunker and wait it out, become self-sufficient and make or grow everything you need yourself, roam the world scavenging what you need like an animal, or try to escape to another country and hope it’s better.

There are a few thought processes most preppers take when considering such long term situations.

Thought #1 – everyone wants what you have

Option one (hunkering down out of sight) will most likely keep you safe and alive.

Rogue governments, a harsh militarized state confiscating stockpiles and rounding people up in safe zones, roaming gangs looting and killing everything they see… it will not be pretty.

Staying hidden from patrols, drones, and satellites is your only option. At the same time you must take care of your mental state.

Being alone (or with only 1-2 people) for such a long time can really mess you up.

A radio, books, puzzles, cards, and supplies for small projects will keep your mind busy.

Thought #2 – most people are good and life will go on

Option two (starting a cozy homestead in the mountains away from everyone) can work for you. Your best bet is to form a group and work your butts off to build a mini-town sanctuary away from others and barter as needed with an outside group.

If you don’t have a lot of money to put into preps this is probably your only real long term option anyway, so build a sustainable community and do what it takes to make friends and protect what you have.

Thought #3 – governments will collapse, anarchy is everywhere, every man for himself

Option three (moving from place to place looking for supplies) will be hell. Going “lone wolf” is a bit of fantasy in the real world. It means never trusting anyone, never resting, sleeping with one eye open, and hoping you can always stay one step ahead. You’re a prisoner to your own needs and safety is not guaranteed.

Maybe you’ll find a warehouse of food and water that no one else finds, or maybe you’ll find a big patch of woods with plenty of game, but it’s 99% certain someone will find you.

Imagine thousands (millions?) of people tromping through the woods looking for deer, or those same people going through every building in cities and towns looking for water. Simple math says you will eventually find yourself in a bad situation.

The trade off is you are mobile and can leave a bad situation easier, that is if you can get away without being seen.

Defend what is rightfully yours but use your common sense and get out of a bad situation before it happens….


If your plan is to willfully take what others rightfully have I have some news for you. You don’t belong on this website or any other like it because you’re not a prepper or a survivalist, you’re scum. A thief and a killer waiting for an excuse to take and hurt and kill, a psychopath that needs help. You’ll be caught and die quickly at the end of a well justified barrel.

Thought #4 – the grass will be greener elsewhere

Option four (leaving the country) will require timing that may not exist and honestly the pastures may not be any greener on the other side. If your plan is to skip to Canada or some other country before things get too bad you will have to leave early enough to beat any increased border patrols or outright border lockdown.

Nothing says another country will fair better and any country close enough will feel rippling effects of such a major disaster. How another nearby country will fair is almost a coin toss in any sort of SHTF situation that would leave America (or your country) in a mess for over a year. You may be worse off in the end.

You could easily find yourself going through SHTF while displaced in a country you know little about with limited supplies. Not good at all.

2+ year

Two years or ten, at this point it really wouldn’t matter. If you expect to make it this long you will need a foolproof plan. Even if you intend to stay deep in the woods away from everything, hunting will not be good (everyone and their mama will be tromping through the woods looking for food, scaring off anything in sight) and some of those people will eventually find your location.

Even a bunker full of supplies will not last forever, you would be forced to find more food and water at a minimum.

Trying to scavenge from place to place for years on end, not knowing where your next drink of water will come from or who will find you next is no way to live and it cannot last forever.

Your only hope may be to form a trusted group that can help each other on a fully functional and self-sufficient homestead or small town, but again this has a lot of security problems. You’ll also have to master more advanced skills such as seed saving and animal husbandry to keep a homestead going.

At 2+ years there is no sure plan and there is no guaranteed safety. Sorry. Society will have to start anew before the SHTF can end.

The wars, riots, military states, and rogue governments are the only guarantee in such a long term and horrible situation. Only after they have done their damage and a force large enough and rich enough is able to restore peace and order to the land could society rebuild.

In the mean time we’re screwed, and who’s to say the new government will be any better?

But does this mean we should give up and not plan? Hell no. It means we must prepare even MORE!


No matter your reason or feeling about what is going to happen in a long term SHTF survival situation, I highly recommend you get out of any populated area quickly and Get To Your Bug-Out Location.

If you think that you may have to go 1 month or more into any sort of emergency, natural disaster, or SHTF scenario then you must sit down and consider all that is required to live a daily life, and the astounding amount of stuff it takes to do so. You will quickly find that it is almost impossible for a single person to do it all.

Consider talking to your friends about prepping and see if you can build a community of preppers who can rely on each other in dire times. It will be the best step you will ever take in your preparedness journey.

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Meet The Author

Sergeant Survival

Sergeant Survival

I spread the news of disaster preparedness and homesteading skills to the masses. My mission is to teach the keyboard commandos out there some real life skills.


Add a Comment
  1. Many people don’t have the equipment, know how or space for canning/preserving their own food.. Here is one option for long term food storage.. has dehydrated foods that just take water to prepare, Lasts 25 years, compact packaging and has many option available such as soy, gluten and lactose free as well as kosher.. If you want, you can order a freebie pack if you pay shipping so you can try it.. Everything I’ve had so far has been amazing! This may be a great place for someone to start!

  2. just trying to get a grip on protecting my family.
    what do and don’t i need to get started’
    have enough food,water guns ,ammo first aid equipment to last a couple weeks. where do i go from here. and how.
    any good books or web sites to visit would be appreciated.

  3. NEAT article! I like how you’ve given folks a roadmap of not only the things they need to prepare but also a timeframe to prepare for.

  4. What’s the best place to live off grid as a survivalist?
    That really depends on each person.
    A lot of times, the best area is the place that you know best or grew up in.
    It’s also important to know what grows in the area, what bugs to watch out for, and things like that.

  5. no matter how you pay attention to sanitation, others won’t. How long, do you think, until a epidemic/pandemic sweeps the already devastated land? 2 weeks? More? Secondary preparation includes illness protection. Seems like illness will follow nearly any disaster that lasts longer than a couple of weeks/months.

    1. Good advice Prepgrl. When it comes to keeping yourself healthy I wouldn’t trust any found water, opened food, or large groups of people. Staying to yourself and assuming everyone may have a germ you don’t will go a long way to keeping you healthy. Practice good sanitation yourself and staying away from the sick will help too.

      All the diseases we’ve kept in the closet will break out in SHTF, but they will be slow to spread (assuming modern transportation is down) and if we’ve already lost a portion of the population the rate will be slower. That assumes you keep yourself clean and don’t drink bad water, hang out with groups of travelers, or swim in muck.

      It comes down to you. Even if the Black Death makes a comeback you have an excellent shot of avoiding it if you stay clean, stay away from large groups, and practice good hygiene.

  6. Hurricane, earthquake, tsunami, fire, electric grid collapse, meteorite, emp blast, solarflare, drought,flood, epidemic,famine: any of these disasters could end the world as we know it. No electricity means no water, no phone, no T.V., no internet,no banking, no transportation, no income, no gasoline,no food,no medicine,no health care, no sanitation,riots,looting,no police protection, murder:
    the end of life as we know it. I was trained by the Army as and atomic demolition specialist 50 years ago, and I KNOW that 1 to 3 nuclear bombs could knock out all electrical devices in America for months or years. Back to the dark ages literally and immediately. Water,food, seeds, guns and ammo and knowledge and preparation. Do It!
    READ THE BOOK, “ONE SECOND AFTER” Just do it!!!!

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How To Begin Prepping

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